AbstractEffects of the dietary administration of saturated fat and of n-6 and n-3 polyunsaturates on blood pressure, prostaglandin metabolism in small vessels, tissue fatty acid distribution and urinary PGE2 excretion were compared. Rats were divided into three groups. Diets contained 10% hydrogenated coconut oil (HCO), 10% safflower oil (SFO) or 10% cod liver oil (CLO) added to a basic fat free diet for 10 weeks. Systolic blood pressure was increased in the CLO group animals. Urinary PGE2 excretion was decreased in the HCO and CLO groups as compared to that in the SFO group animals. PGE2, 6-keto-PGF1 alpha and thromboxane (Tx) B2 outflow from isolated perfused mesenteric arterial beds were extremely decreased in the CLO group animals, and to a lesser extent in the HCO group as compared to the SFO animals. In the tissue phospholipid, 20:3n-9/20:4n-6 ratios were increased in the HCO group indicating essential fatty acid deficiency, and n-6 and n- 3 polyunsaturates were elevated in the SFO and the CLO group animals respectively. Arachidonic acid concentration was highest in the SFO group, while there was no significant differences between the HCO and the CLO group. These results suggest that dietary fatty acid manipulation affects urinary PGE2 excretion and PGI2, PGE2 and TxA2 synthesis in mesenteric arterial beds and also changes the tissue fatty acid distribution. Furthermore, n-3 polyunsaturates caused an extreme reduction of 2-series PGs synthesis in small resistance vessels.
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