AbstractWe investigated the effects of phenelzine and tranylcypromine on the release of prostacyclin, thromboxane A2, prostaglandin E2, and prostaglandin E1 from the isolated perfused rat mesenteric vascular bed. Perfusion of the preparation with phenelzine in concentrations of 15, 45, and 135 microM for 150 min led to attenuated release of all four prostaglandins measured. Inhibition generally occurred with the lowest dose used and was most prominent with the highest concentration. Tranylcypromine also decreased prostaglandin formation. However, low doses were not effective in the suppression of prostacyclin release. Both drugs had an inhibitory effect on production of prostaglandin E1, which is a metabolite of dihomo-gamma-linolenic acid, the precursor of arachidonic acid, but this was only shown to be significant with phenelzine. In this work we demonstrate that phenelzine and tranylcypromine have an inhibitory effect on the production of 2-series prostaglandins derived from arachidonic acid, and possibly a similar effect on prostaglandins of the 1-series derived from dihomo- gamma-linolenic acid.
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