AbstractThe effects of dietary n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids and replacement with saturated fat or fish oil on the prostaglandin outflow from perfused mesenteric vasculature in rats were studied. Seventy-two weanling male rats were fed ad libitum a semi-synthetic diet supplemented with 10% by weight of oil, composed wholly of n-6 fatty acid-rich evening primrose oil, or replaced partly or completely (25, 50, 75 or 100%) by n-6 fatty acid-deficient fish oil or hydrogenated coconut oil for 8 weeks. The outflows of 6-keto-PGF1 alpha, thromboxane B2, and prostaglandin E from the perfused mesenteric vasculature were measured at 60 min-time point after starting the perfusion. In general, the release of prostanoids from the mesenteric vasculature was significantly reduced in rats fed a diet in which evening primrose oil was partly or completely replaced by either hydrogenated coconut or fish oil. This was probably due to the insufficient conversion of linoleic acid to arachidonic acid. The extent of reduction was greater in fish oil-fed than in hydrogenated coconut oil-fed rats, while the levels of arachidonic acid in aortic phospholipids were similar between these two groups. This result implies that the greater reduction of prostaglandin synthesis in rats fed fish oil was due to the inhibitory effect of eicosapentaenoic and docosahexaenoic acids in fish oil on the conversion of arachidonate to eicosanoids.
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