Abstract
608
Cantrill, R.C.; Ells, G.W.; Horrobin, D.F.
Mechanisms of action of cytotoxic fatty acids
South Afr J Sci 1993; 89: 398-400.


Abstract

We have investigated the nature of lipid peroxidation occurring in association with cancer-killing produced by gamma-linolenic acid (GLA) and iron (Fe) in cultured human breast cancer cells (ZR-75-1: ZR). UV-spectrophotometry, high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and gas chromatography (GC) or gas chromatography-mass spectrometry(GC-MS) have been used to analyse lipid peroxides and their derivatives. Formation of conjugated dienes (CD), the conversion of triphenylphosphine (TPP) to its oxide (TPPO), and the simultaneous production of hydroxy polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA-OHs) from these corresponding PUFAs hydroperoxides (PUFA-OOHs) were analysed in the total lipid extract of ZR cells and of normal human skin fibroblasts (CCD-41Sk:Sk). Fe enhanced the formation of both the CD and TPPO and increased the percentage of dead cells, while vitamin E inhibited these effects. Neither of these events was observed at any significant level in Sk cells. Identity of PUFA-OHs was confirmed by determining the regional positions of the hydroxyl group by GC-MS analysis of hydrogenated methyl ester tert-butyldimethylsilyl ether alcohol derivatives (Me-H2-PUFA-O-TBDMS). The regional isomers identified were 15-, 12-and 8-OH 20 carbon and 13-OH 18 carbon fatty acid derivatives. These results suggest that the increased formation of conjugated dienes and/or hydroperoxyl (or peroxyl) groups in PUFA molecules is relevant to the cancer cell-killing effect of GLA + Fe


All copyrights acknowledged

© Peter Lapinskas 1999-2012 Email Peter Lapinskas Last updated: 3 July 2012

Home      Services      Background      Publications      Resources      Contact